US Immigration Policy

Happy H-1b Cap Day ! Dysfunction Reigns !

Today, April 1st, marks the first day that H-1b cap petitions can be filed seeking a new H-1b visa from the FY 2017 quota. The quota is set at 85,000 total with 20,000 being set-aside for persons with US masters degrees or higher. All H-1b petitions must be filed by a US employer and the pay offered must meet the prevailing wage established by the DOL. All individuals who have filings done for them must have at least a bachelor’s level education. The majority of filings are for STEM positions. As a result of demand exceeding supply, the USCIS has created a lottery system and all filings received in the first 5 business days of April will be included in a random drawing for the coveted visas. The lottery is typically held the 3rd week of April and those petitions lucky enough to be chosen are then processed. Those cases not selected in the lottery are returned to the employers who filed them. Last year, over 220,000 petitions were submitted. Many are expecting over 250,000 this year. The fact that the US immigration policy allows for the selection of highly skilled workers, most filling STEM related, hard to fill positions, by random chance is absurd. Unfortunately, the anti-immigration far right led by Grassley, Cruz, and Sessions have thwarted any attempts to reform the legal immigration system into a system that does a better job of selecting international workers while still protecting US jobs. It is as if they actually are in favor of the status quo i.e. dysfunction as it gives them something to beat their chest about. The rhetoric coming from the Presidential race indicates that we will be left with the lottery for some time.

Change in Policy Regarding Educational Equivalencies for Border Cases

Customs and Border Protection has stated that they will only accept educational equivalencies prepared by members of the National Association of Credential Evaluation Services (NACES.ORG) for cases presented at the Preflight Inspection or Port of Entry. A review of their website indicates that only 19 educational evaluation services providers are listed including the Foundation for International Services, Inc. and World Education Services, Inc. But other equally reliable service providers are not. Membership to NACES is by application and requires completion of a rigorous screening and selection procedure, which includes a two-member on-site visit at the applicant’s expense.

DHS releases new proposed rule

The DHS has released the long anticipated proposed regulation which promised to provide greater portability to H-1b workers with approved I-140’s. A copy of the complete rule can be found here. Comments on the proposed rule are due on Feb 29, 2016 and the rule is not in effect until it becomes final, sometime after the comment period. Our office will be providing a detailed summary to clients next week. I hate to throw cold water on what should be a day of celebration but, a quick read through does not indicate that the portability provisions are as gracious as promised. There are however, other really good provisions which will be very positive for international professional workers and their employers. Happy New year and we wish everyone a great 2016.

Same or Similar Memo

On November 20, 2015, the USCIS released its draft memo on Determining Whether a New Job is in “the Same or a Similar Occupational Classification” for Purposes of Section 204(j) Job Portability for comment. A copy can be found here. The memo details how Officers should evaluate two different sets of job duties as they relate to Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) codes. Of note, is that the same or similarity of the two position can be shown if the jobs are found within the same broad occupational group code, the first 2 digits. Officers are also instructed to take an individual’s career progression into consideration and they may also consider the difference in the individual’s wages. The comment period end January 4, 2016.

Grassley Durbin Try Again

At a time when the US refugee program is under attack and Donald Trump is pounding his fist and screaming about building a wall and forming a quasi police force to round up and remove 11 million undocumented persons, Senators Grassley and Durbin have also sprung to life and re-introduced legislation from 2007 that would severely and negatively impact the IT and engineering staffing industry, all under the guise of protecting US workers. The thought is well-meaning but, the plan has already been rejected on at least 2 other occasions. The H-1b program needs reform but, it needs fresh ideas not tired old re-treads.

H-1b visas in the news

Check out this recent article in the New York Times regarding the H-1b visa program.

STEM OPT proposed rule released

In response to a federal judge that struck down the existing STEM 17 month OPT extension policy as a violation of the APA, the DHS has released an unpublished version of the proposed rule to essentially reinstate the policy. We expect the proposed rule will be officially published on Monday October 19th and we will be posting a summary next week. We will also be submitting comments to the DHS within the 30 day comment period.

WOW ! WOW ! WOW ! October Visa Bulletin

The Department of State released the October Visa bulletin today and it contained great news for individuals affected by retrogression. The new bulletin contains a 2nd chart identified as ” Dates for filing of employment based applications.” This second chart allows for the filing of an I-485 prior to one’s priority date becoming current. This will allow a person to obtain an EAD and AP sooner than expected. For example, if you are from India in EB3 and you have a priority date prior to July 1st 2005, you can file your 485 in Oct. If you are from the Philippines and you have a priority date prior to Jan 1, 2015, you can also file. Contact your attorney at HLG if you think you may qualify under this new bulletin.

The USCIS issued a press release providing more information about this change.

Unfortunately, the priority dates did not progress as rapidly as expected as the Philippines EB3 only moved to Jan 2007 and India EB2 actually retrogressed to May 2005. The all other countries category (ROW) remained virtually current.

17 Month OPT STEM Extension Dead ?

Last week, a federal judge ruled that the 17 mo. STEM extension rule which went into effect in 2008 was issued in circumvention of federal law specifically, that it was issued without the proper notice and comment required under the Administrative Procedures Act. Many in the staffing community wonder where this judge and reasoning were when the Neufeld memo and the Simeio Solutions policies were issued also without notice and comment but, I digress. The judge ordered the OPT STEM rule to be vacated but, thankfully, the effect is not immediate. The order will not go into effect until Feb 12, 2016 leaving the DHS sufficient time to issue proposed regulations and go through the proper notice and comment period. Whether the current administration will be able to achieve this in light of the myriad of other immigration initiatives they are currently tackling remains to be seen but, at this point we remain hopeful.

September Visa Bulletin

The Department of State has released the last Visa bulletin of fiscal year 2015. Priority dates will often retrogress or even become unavailable in the September bulletin as allocations for the fiscal year are exhausted and the EB2 categories for both India and China saw retrogression of some significance. It is noteworthy that dates continued to stay almost “current” for EB3 all other countries (ROW) and that dates actually moved forward for Philippines EB3 and India EB3. The October visa bulletin will be anxiously awaited. Legislation remains sorely needed to address retrogression and the long visa waits.